[ABP教程]第三章 创建、更新和删除图书
阅读原文时间:2021年09月24日阅读:5

Web应用程序开发教程 - 第三章: 创建,更新和删除图书

在本系列教程中, 你将构建一个名为 Acme.BookStore 的用于管理书籍及其作者列表的基于ABP的应用程序. 它是使用以下技术开发的:

  • {{DB_Text}} 做为ORM提供程序.
  • {{UI_Value}} 做为UI框架.

本教程分为以下部分:

本教程根据你的UIDatabase偏好有多个版,我们准备了两种可供下载的源码组合:

{{if UI == "MVC"}}

通过本节, 你将会了解如何创建一个 modal form 来实现新增书籍的功能. 最终成果如下图所示:

创建 modal form

Acme.BookStore.Web 项目的 Pages/Books 目录下新建一个 CreateModal.cshtml Razor页面:

CreateModal.cshtml.cs

打开 CreateModal.cshtml.cs 代码文件,用如下代码替换 CreateModalModel 类的实现:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Acme.BookStore.Books;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
{
    public class CreateModalModel : BookStorePageModel
    {
        [BindProperty]
        public CreateUpdateBookDto Book { get; set; }

        private readonly IBookAppService _bookAppService;

        public CreateModalModel(IBookAppService bookAppService)
        {
            _bookAppService = bookAppService;
        }

        public void OnGet()
        {
            Book = new CreateUpdateBookDto();
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
        {
            await _bookAppService.CreateAsync(Book);
            return NoContent();
        }
    }
}
  • 该类派生于 BookStorePageModel 而非默认的 PageModel. BookStorePageModel 继承了 PageModel 并且添加了一些可以被你的page model类使用的通用属性和方法.
  • Book 属性上的 [BindProperty] 特性将post请求提交上来的数据绑定到该属性上.
  • 该类通过构造函数注入了 IBookAppService 应用服务,并且在 OnPostAsync 处理程序中调用了服务的 CreateAsync 方法.
  • 它在 OnGet 方法中创建一个新的 CreateUpdateBookDto 对象。 ASP.NET Core不需要像这样创建一个新实例就可以正常工作. 但是它不会为你创建实例,并且如果你的类在类构造函数中具有一些默认值分配或代码执行,它们将无法工作. 对于这种情况,我们为某些 CreateUpdateBookDto 属性设置了默认值.

CreateModal.cshtml

打开 CreateModal.cshtml 文件并粘贴如下代码:

@page
@using Acme.BookStore.Localization
@using Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
@using Microsoft.Extensions.Localization
@using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Bootstrap.TagHelpers.Modal
@model CreateModalModel
@inject IStringLocalizer<BookStoreResource> L
@{
    Layout = null;
}
<abp-dynamic-form abp-model="Book" asp-page="/Books/CreateModal">
    <abp-modal>
        <abp-modal-header title="@L["NewBook"].Value"></abp-modal-header>
        <abp-modal-body>
            <abp-form-content />
        </abp-modal-body>
        <abp-modal-footer buttons="@(AbpModalButtons.Cancel|AbpModalButtons.Save)"></abp-modal-footer>
    </abp-modal>
</abp-dynamic-form>
  • 这个 modal 使用 abp-dynamic-form tag Helper 根据 CreateBookViewModel 类自动构建了表单.
  • abp-model 指定了 Book 属性为模型对象.
  • data-ajaxForm 设置了表单通过AJAX提交,而不是经典的页面回发.
  • abp-form-content tag helper 作为表单控件渲染位置的占位符 (这是可选的,只有你在 abp-dynamic-form 中像本示例这样添加了其他内容才需要).

提示: 就像在本示例中一样,Layout 应该为 null,因为当通过AJAX加载模态时,我们不希望包括所有布局.

添加 "New book" 按钮

打开 Pages/Books/Index.cshtml 并按如下代码修改 abp-card-header :

<abp-card-header>
    <abp-row>
        <abp-column size-md="_6">
            <abp-card-title>@L["Books"]</abp-card-title>
        </abp-column>
        <abp-column size-md="_6" class="text-right">
            <abp-button id="NewBookButton"
                        text="@L["NewBook"].Value"
                        icon="plus"
                        button-type="Primary"/>
        </abp-column>
    </abp-row>
</abp-card-header>

Index.cshtml 的内容最终如下所示:

@page
@using Acme.BookStore.Localization
@using Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
@using Microsoft.Extensions.Localization
@model IndexModel
@inject IStringLocalizer<BookStoreResource> L
@section scripts
{
    <abp-script src="/Pages/Books/Index.js"/>
}

<abp-card>
    <abp-card-header>
        <abp-row>
            <abp-column size-md="_6">
                <abp-card-title>@L["Books"]</abp-card-title>
            </abp-column>
            <abp-column size-md="_6" class="text-right">
                <abp-button id="NewBookButton"
                            text="@L["NewBook"].Value"
                            icon="plus"
                            button-type="Primary"/>
            </abp-column>
        </abp-row>
    </abp-card-header>
    <abp-card-body>
        <abp-table striped-rows="true" id="BooksTable"></abp-table>
    </abp-card-body>
</abp-card>

如下图所示,只是在表格 右上方 添加了 New book 按钮:

打开 Pages/book/index.jsdatatable 配置代码后面添加如下代码:

var createModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/CreateModal');

createModal.onResult(function () {
    dataTable.ajax.reload();
});

$('#NewBookButton').click(function (e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    createModal.open();
});
  • abp.ModalManager 是一个在客户端打开和管理modal的辅助类.它基于Twitter Bootstrap的标准modal组件通过简化的API抽象隐藏了许多细节.
  • createModal.onResult(...) 用于在创建书籍后刷新数据表格.
  • createModal.open(); 用于打开模态创建新书籍.

Index.js 的内容最终如下所示:

$(function () {
    var l = abp.localization.getResource('BookStore');

    var dataTable = $('#BooksTable').DataTable(
        abp.libs.datatables.normalizeConfiguration({
            serverSide: true,
            paging: true,
            order: [[1, "asc"]],
            searching: false,
            scrollX: true,
            ajax: abp.libs.datatables.createAjax(acme.bookStore.books.book.getList),
            columnDefs: [
                {
                    title: l('Name'),
                    data: "name"
                },
                {
                    title: l('Type'),
                    data: "type",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return l('Enum:BookType:' + data);
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('PublishDate'),
                    data: "publishDate",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString();
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('Price'),
                    data: "price"
                },
                {
                    title: l('CreationTime'), data: "creationTime",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString(luxon.DateTime.DATETIME_SHORT);
                    }
                }
            ]
        })
    );

    var createModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/CreateModal');

    createModal.onResult(function () {
        dataTable.ajax.reload();
    });

    $('#NewBookButton').click(function (e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        createModal.open();
    });
});

现在,你可以 运行程序 通过新的 modal form 来创建书籍了.

Acme.BookStore.Web 项目的 Pages/Books 目录下新建一个名叫 EditModal.cshtml 的Razor页面:

EditModal.cshtml.cs

打开 EditModal.cshtml.cs 文件(EditModalModel类) 并替换成以下代码:

using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Acme.BookStore.Books;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
{
    public class EditModalModel : BookStorePageModel
    {
        [HiddenInput]
        [BindProperty(SupportsGet = true)]
        public Guid Id { get; set; }

        [BindProperty]
        public CreateUpdateBookDto Book { get; set; }

        private readonly IBookAppService _bookAppService;

        public EditModalModel(IBookAppService bookAppService)
        {
            _bookAppService = bookAppService;
        }

        public async Task OnGetAsync()
        {
            var bookDto = await _bookAppService.GetAsync(Id);
            Book = ObjectMapper.Map<BookDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>(bookDto);
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> OnPostAsync()
        {
            await _bookAppService.UpdateAsync(Id, Book);
            return NoContent();
        }
    }
}
  • [HiddenInput][BindProperty] 是标准的 ASP.NET Core MVC 特性.这里启用 SupportsGet 从Http请求的查询字符串中获取Id的值.
  • OnGetAsync 方法中,将 BookAppService.GetAsync 方法返回的 BookDto 映射成 CreateUpdateBookDto 并赋值给Book属性.
  • OnPostAsync 方法直接使用 BookAppService.UpdateAsync 来更新实体.

BookDto 到 CreateUpdateBookDto 对象映射

为了执行 BookDtoCreateUpdateBookDto 对象映射,请打开 Acme.BookStore.Web 项目中的 BookStoreWebAutoMapperProfile.cs 并更改它,如下所示:

using AutoMapper;

namespace Acme.BookStore.Web
{
    public class BookStoreWebAutoMapperProfile : Profile
    {
        public BookStoreWebAutoMapperProfile()
        {
            CreateMap<BookDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>();
        }
    }
}
  • 我们添加了 CreateMap<BookDto, CreateUpdateBookDto>(); 作为映射定义.

请注意,我们在Web层中进行映射定义是一种最佳实践,因为仅在该层中需要它.

EditModal.cshtml

EditModal.cshtml 页面内容替换成如下代码:

@page
@using Acme.BookStore.Localization
@using Acme.BookStore.Web.Pages.Books
@using Microsoft.Extensions.Localization
@using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.UI.Bootstrap.TagHelpers.Modal
@model EditModalModel
@inject IStringLocalizer<BookStoreResource> L
@{
    Layout = null;
}
<abp-dynamic-form abp-model="Book" asp-page="/Books/EditModal">
    <abp-modal>
        <abp-modal-header title="@L["Update"].Value"></abp-modal-header>
        <abp-modal-body>
            <abp-input asp-for="Id" />
            <abp-form-content />
        </abp-modal-body>
        <abp-modal-footer buttons="@(AbpModalButtons.Cancel|AbpModalButtons.Save)"></abp-modal-footer>
    </abp-modal>
</abp-dynamic-form>

这个页面内容和 CreateModal.cshtml 非常相似,除了以下几点:

  • 它包含id属性的abp-input, 用于存储编辑书的 id (它是隐藏的Input)
  • 此页面指定的post地址是Books/EditModal.

为表格添加 "操作(Actions)" 下拉菜单

我们将为表格每行添加下拉按钮 ("Actions"):

打开 Pages/Books/Index.cshtml 页面,并按下方所示修改表格部分的代码:

$(function () {
    var l = abp.localization.getResource('BookStore');
    var createModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/CreateModal');
    var editModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/EditModal');

    var dataTable = $('#BooksTable').DataTable(
        abp.libs.datatables.normalizeConfiguration({
            serverSide: true,
            paging: true,
            order: [[1, "asc"]],
            searching: false,
            scrollX: true,
            ajax: abp.libs.datatables.createAjax(acme.bookStore.books.book.getList),
            columnDefs: [
                {
                    title: l('Actions'),
                    rowAction: {
                        items:
                            [
                                {
                                    text: l('Edit'),
                                    action: function (data) {
                                        editModal.open({ id: data.record.id });
                                    }
                                }
                            ]
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('Name'),
                    data: "name"
                },
                {
                    title: l('Type'),
                    data: "type",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return l('Enum:BookType:' + data);
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('PublishDate'),
                    data: "publishDate",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString();
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('Price'),
                    data: "price"
                },
                {
                    title: l('CreationTime'), data: "creationTime",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString(luxon.DateTime.DATETIME_SHORT);
                    }
                }
            ]
        })
    );

    createModal.onResult(function () {
        dataTable.ajax.reload();
    });

    editModal.onResult(function () {
        dataTable.ajax.reload();
    });

    $('#NewBookButton').click(function (e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        createModal.open();
    });
});
  • 增加了一个新的 ModalManager 名为 editModal 打开编辑模态框.
  • columnDefs 部分的开头添加了一个新列,用于"Actions"下拉按钮.
  • "Edit" 动作简单地调用 editModal.open() 打开编辑模态框.
  • editModal.onResult(...) 当你关闭编程模态框时进行回调刷新数据表格.

你可以运行应用程序,并通过选择一本书的编辑操作编辑任何一本书.

最终的UI看起来如下:

打开 Pages/book/index.js 文件,在 rowAction items 下新增一项:

{
    text: l('Delete'),
    confirmMessage: function (data) {
        return l('BookDeletionConfirmationMessage', data.record.name);
    },
    action: function (data) {
        acme.bookStore.books.book
            .delete(data.record.id)
            .then(function() {
                abp.notify.info(l('SuccessfullyDeleted'));
                dataTable.ajax.reload();
            });
    }
}
  • confirmMessage 用来在实际执行 action 之前向用户进行确认.
  • 通过javascript代理方法 acme.bookStore.books.book.delete(...) 执行一个AJAX请求来删除一个book实体.
  • abp.notify.info 用来在执行删除操作后显示一个toastr通知信息.

由于我们使用了两个新的本地化文本(BookDeletionConfirmationMessageSuccesslyDeleted),因此你需要将它们添加到本地化文件(Acme.BookStore.Domain.Shared项目的Localization/BookStore文件夹下的en.json):

"BookDeletionConfirmationMessage": "Are you sure to delete the book '{0}'?",
"SuccessfullyDeleted": "Successfully deleted!"

Index.js 的内容最终如下所示:

$(function () {
    var l = abp.localization.getResource('BookStore');
    var createModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/CreateModal');
    var editModal = new abp.ModalManager(abp.appPath + 'Books/EditModal');

    var dataTable = $('#BooksTable').DataTable(
        abp.libs.datatables.normalizeConfiguration({
            serverSide: true,
            paging: true,
            order: [[1, "asc"]],
            searching: false,
            scrollX: true,
            ajax: abp.libs.datatables.createAjax(acme.bookStore.books.book.getList),
            columnDefs: [
                {
                    title: l('Actions'),
                    rowAction: {
                        items:
                            [
                                {
                                    text: l('Edit'),
                                    action: function (data) {
                                        editModal.open({ id: data.record.id });
                                    }
                                },
                                {
                                    text: l('Delete'),
                                    confirmMessage: function (data) {
                                        return l(
                                            'BookDeletionConfirmationMessage',
                                            data.record.name
                                        );
                                    },
                                    action: function (data) {
                                        acme.bookStore.books.book
                                            .delete(data.record.id)
                                            .then(function() {
                                                abp.notify.info(
                                                    l('SuccessfullyDeleted')
                                                );
                                                dataTable.ajax.reload();
                                            });
                                    }
                                }
                            ]
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('Name'),
                    data: "name"
                },
                {
                    title: l('Type'),
                    data: "type",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return l('Enum:BookType:' + data);
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('PublishDate'),
                    data: "publishDate",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString();
                    }
                },
                {
                    title: l('Price'),
                    data: "price"
                },
                {
                    title: l('CreationTime'), data: "creationTime",
                    render: function (data) {
                        return luxon
                            .DateTime
                            .fromISO(data, {
                                locale: abp.localization.currentCulture.name
                            }).toLocaleString(luxon.DateTime.DATETIME_SHORT);
                    }
                }
            ]
        })
    );

    createModal.onResult(function () {
        dataTable.ajax.reload();
    });

    editModal.onResult(function () {
        dataTable.ajax.reload();
    });

    $('#NewBookButton').click(function (e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        createModal.open();
    });
});

你可以运行程序并尝试删除一本书.

{{end}}

{{if UI == "NG"}}

下面的章节中,你将学习到如何创建一个新的模态对话框来新增书籍.

BookComponent

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.ts 使用以下内容替换:

import { ListService, PagedResultDto } from '@abp/ng.core';
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { BookDto } from './models';
import { BookService } from './services';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-book',
  templateUrl: './book.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./book.component.scss'],
  providers: [ListService],
})
export class BookComponent implements OnInit {
  book = { items: [], totalCount: 0 } as PagedResultDto<BookDto>;

  isModalOpen = false; // add this line

  constructor(public readonly list: ListService, private bookService: BookService) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    const bookStreamCreator = (query) => this.bookService.getListByInput(query);

    this.list.hookToQuery(bookStreamCreator).subscribe((response) => {
      this.book = response;
    });
  }

  // add new method
  createBook() {
    this.isModalOpen = true;
  }
}
  • 我们定义了一个名为 isModalOpen 的变量和 createBook 方法.

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.html 做以下更改:

<div class="card">
  <div class="card-header">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col col-md-6">
        <h5 class="card-title">{%{{{ '::Menu:Books' | abpLocalization }}}%}</h5>
      </div>
      <div class="text-right col col-md-6">

        <!-- Add the "new book" button here -->
        <div class="text-lg-right pt-2">
          <button id="create" class="btn btn-primary" type="button" (click)="createBook()">
            <i class="fa fa-plus mr-1"></i>
            <span>{%{{{ "::NewBook" | abpLocalization }}}%}</span>
          </button>
        </div>

      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="card-body">
    <!-- ngx-datatable should be here! -->
  </div>
</div>

<!-- Add the modal here -->
<abp-modal [(visible)]="isModalOpen">
  <ng-template #abpHeader>
    <h3>{%{{{ '::NewBook' | abpLocalization }}}%}</h3>
  </ng-template>

  <ng-template #abpBody> </ng-template>

  <ng-template #abpFooter>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" #abpClose>
      {%{{{ '::Close' | abpLocalization }}}%}
    </button>
  </ng-template>
</abp-modal>
  • 添加了 New book 按钮到卡片头部.
  • 添加了 abp-modal 渲染模态框,允许用户创建新书. abp-modal 是显示模态框的预构建组件. 你也可以使用其它方法显示模态框,但 abp-modal 提供了一些附加的好处.

你可以打开浏览器,点击New book按钮看到模态框.

添加响应式表单

响应式表单 提供一种模型驱动的方法来处理其值随时间变化的表单输入.

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.ts 使用以下内容替换:

import { ListService, PagedResultDto } from '@abp/ng.core';
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { BookDto, BookType } from './models'; // add BookType
import { BookService } from './services';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder, Validators } from '@angular/forms'; // add this

@Component({
  selector: 'app-book',
  templateUrl: './book.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./book.component.scss'],
  providers: [ListService],
})
export class BookComponent implements OnInit {
  book = { items: [], totalCount: 0 } as PagedResultDto<BookDto>;

  form: FormGroup; // add this line

  bookType = BookType; // add this line

  // add bookTypes as a list of BookType enum members
  bookTypes = Object.keys(this.bookType).filter(
    (key) => typeof this.bookType[key] === 'number'
  );

  isModalOpen = false;

  constructor(
    public readonly list: ListService,
    private bookService: BookService,
    private fb: FormBuilder // inject FormBuilder
  ) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    const bookStreamCreator = (query) => this.bookService.getListByInput(query);

    this.list.hookToQuery(bookStreamCreator).subscribe((response) => {
      this.book = response;
    });
  }

  createBook() {
    this.buildForm(); // add this line
    this.isModalOpen = true;
  }

  // add buildForm method
  buildForm() {
    this.form = this.fb.group({
      name: ['', Validators.required],
      type: [null, Validators.required],
      publishDate: [null, Validators.required],
      price: [null, Validators.required],
    });
  }

  // add save method
  save() {
    if (this.form.invalid) {
      return;
    }

    this.bookService.createByInput(this.form.value).subscribe(() => {
      this.isModalOpen = false;
      this.form.reset();
      this.list.get();
    });
  }
}
  • 导入了 FormGroup, FormBuilder and Validators.
  • 添加了 form: FormGroup 变量.
  • 添加了 bookType 属性,你可以从模板中获取 BookType 枚举成员.
  • 添加了 bookTypes 属性作为 BookType 枚举成员列表. 将在表单选项中使用.
  • 我们注入了 fb: FormBuilder 服务到构造函数. FormBuilder 服务为生成控件提供了方便的方法. 它减少了构建复杂表单所需的样板文件的数量.
  • 我们添加了 buildForm 方法到文件末尾, 在 createBook 方法调用 buildForm() 方法. 该方法创建一个响应式表单去创建新书.
  • 添加了save 方法.

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.html,使用以下内容替换 <ng-template #abpBody> </ng-template>:

<ng-template #abpBody>
  <form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="save()">
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="book-name">Name</label><span> * </span>
      <input type="text" id="book-name" class="form-control" formControlName="name" autofocus />
    </div>

    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="book-price">Price</label><span> * </span>
      <input type="number" id="book-price" class="form-control" formControlName="price" />
    </div>

    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="book-type">Type</label><span> * </span>
      <select class="form-control" id="book-type" formControlName="type">
        <option [ngValue]="null">Select a book type</option>
        <option [ngValue]="bookType[type]" *ngFor="let type of bookTypes"> {%{{{ type }}}%}</option>
      </select>
    </div>

    <div class="form-group">
      <label>Publish date</label><span> * </span>
      <input
        #datepicker="ngbDatepicker"
        class="form-control"
        name="datepicker"
        formControlName="publishDate"
        ngbDatepicker
        (click)="datepicker.toggle()"
      />
    </div>
  </form>
</ng-template>

同时使用下面的代码部分替换 <ng-template #abpFooter> </ng-template>:

<ng-template #abpFooter>
  <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" #abpClose>
      {%{{{ '::Close' | abpLocalization }}}%}
  </button>

  <!--added save button-->
  <button class="btn btn-primary" (click)="save()" [disabled]="form.invalid">
        <i class="fa fa-check mr-1"></i>
        {%{{{ '::Save' | abpLocalization }}}%}
  </button>
</ng-template>

Datepicker

我们在这个组件中使用了NgBootstrap datepicker. 因此需要添加与此组件相关的依赖项.

打开 /src/app/book/book.module.ts 使用以下内容替换:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { SharedModule } from '../shared/shared.module';
import { BookRoutingModule } from './book-routing.module';
import { BookComponent } from './book.component';
import { NgbDatepickerModule } from '@ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap'; // add this line

@NgModule({
  declarations: [BookComponent],
  imports: [
    BookRoutingModule,
    SharedModule,
    NgbDatepickerModule, // add this line
  ]
})
export class BookModule { }
  • 我们导入了 NgbDatepickerModule 来使用日期选择器.

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.ts 使用以内内容替换:

import { ListService, PagedResultDto } from '@abp/ng.core';
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { BookDto, BookType } from './models';
import { BookService } from './services';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder, Validators } from '@angular/forms';

// added this line
import { NgbDateNativeAdapter, NgbDateAdapter } from '@ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-book',
  templateUrl: './book.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./book.component.scss'],
  providers: [
    ListService,
    { provide: NgbDateAdapter, useClass: NgbDateNativeAdapter } // add this line
  ],
})
export class BookComponent implements OnInit {
  book = { items: [], totalCount: 0 } as PagedResultDto<BookDto>;

  form: FormGroup;

  bookType = BookType;

  bookTypes = Object.keys(this.bookType).filter(
    (key) => typeof this.bookType[key] === 'number'
  );

  isModalOpen = false;

  constructor(
    public readonly list: ListService,
    private bookService: BookService,
    private fb: FormBuilder
  ) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    const bookStreamCreator = (query) => this.bookService.getListByInput(query);

    this.list.hookToQuery(bookStreamCreator).subscribe((response) => {
      this.book = response;
    });
  }

  createBook() {
    this.buildForm();
    this.isModalOpen = true;
  }

  buildForm() {
    this.form = this.fb.group({
      name: ['', Validators.required],
      type: [null, Validators.required],
      publishDate: [null, Validators.required],
      price: [null, Validators.required],
    });
  }

  save() {
    if (this.form.invalid) {
      return;
    }

    this.bookService.createByInput(this.form.value).subscribe(() => {
      this.isModalOpen = false;
      this.form.reset();
      this.list.get();
    });
  }
}
  • 导入了 NgbDateNativeAdapterNgbDateAdapter.
  • 我们添加了一个新的 NgbDateAdapter 提供程序,它将Datepicker值转换为 Date 类型. 有关更多详细信息,请参见datepicker adapters.

现在你可以打开浏览器看到以下变化:

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.ts 使用以下内容替换:

import { ListService, PagedResultDto } from '@abp/ng.core';
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { BookDto, BookType, CreateUpdateBookDto } from './models';
import { BookService } from './services';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { NgbDateNativeAdapter, NgbDateAdapter } from '@ng-bootstrap/ng-bootstrap';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-book',
  templateUrl: './book.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./book.component.scss'],
  providers: [ListService, { provide: NgbDateAdapter, useClass: NgbDateNativeAdapter }],
})
export class BookComponent implements OnInit {
  book = { items: [], totalCount: 0 } as PagedResultDto<BookDto>;

  selectedBook = new BookDto(); // declare selectedBook

  form: FormGroup;

  bookType = BookType;

  bookTypes = Object.keys(this.bookType).filter(
    (key) => typeof this.bookType[key] === 'number'
  );

  isModalOpen = false;

  constructor(
    public readonly list: ListService,
    private bookService: BookService,
    private fb: FormBuilder
  ) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    const bookStreamCreator = (query) => this.bookService.getListByInput(query);

    this.list.hookToQuery(bookStreamCreator).subscribe((response) => {
      this.book = response;
    });
  }

  createBook() {
    this.selectedBook = new BookDto(); // reset the selected book
    this.buildForm();
    this.isModalOpen = true;
  }

  // Add editBook method
  editBook(id: string) {
    this.bookService.getById(id).subscribe((book) => {
      this.selectedBook = book;
      this.buildForm();
      this.isModalOpen = true;
    });
  }

  buildForm() {
    this.form = this.fb.group({
      name: [this.selectedBook.name || '', Validators.required],
      type: [this.selectedBook.type || null, Validators.required],
      publishDate: [
        this.selectedBook.publishDate ? new Date(this.selectedBook.publishDate) : null,
        Validators.required,
      ],
      price: [this.selectedBook.price || null, Validators.required],
    });
  }

  // change the save method
  save() {
    if (this.form.invalid) {
      return;
    }

    const request = this.selectedBook.id
      ? this.bookService.updateByIdAndInput(this.form.value, this.selectedBook.id)
      : this.bookService.createByInput(this.form.value);

    request.subscribe(() => {
      this.isModalOpen = false;
      this.form.reset();
      this.list.get();
    });
  }
}
  • 我们声明了类型为 BookDtoselectedBook 变量.
  • 我们添加了 editBook 方法, 根据给定图书 Id 设置 selectedBook 对象.
  • 我们替换了 buildForm 方法使用 selectedBook 数据创建表单.
  • 我们替换了 createBook 方法,设置 selectedBook 为空对象.
  • 我们替换了 save 方法.

添加 "Actions" 下拉框到表格

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.html 在 ngx-datatable 第一列添加 ngx-datatable-column 定义:

<ngx-datatable-column
  [name]="'::Actions' | abpLocalization"
  [maxWidth]="150"
  [sortable]="false"
>
  <ng-template let-row="row" ngx-datatable-cell-template>
    <div ngbDropdown container="body" class="d-inline-block">
      <button
        class="btn btn-primary btn-sm dropdown-toggle"
        data-toggle="dropdown"
        aria-haspopup="true"
        ngbDropdownToggle
      >
        <i class="fa fa-cog mr-1"></i>{%{{{ '::Actions' | abpLocalization }}}%}
      </button>
      <div ngbDropdownMenu>
        <button ngbDropdownItem (click)="editBook(row.id)">
          {%{{{ '::Edit' | abpLocalization }}}%}
        </button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </ng-template>
</ngx-datatable-column>

在表格的第一列添加了一个 "Actions" 下拉菜单,如下图所示:

同时如下所示更改 ng-template #abpHeader 部分:

<ng-template #abpHeader>
    <h3>{%{{{ (selectedBook.id ? '::Edit' : '::NewBook' ) | abpLocalization }}}%}</h3>
</ng-template>

模板将在标题中显示 Edit 文本用于编辑记录操作, New Book 用于添加新记录操作.

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.ts 注入 ConfirmationService.

所示替换构造函数:

// ...

// add new imports
import { ConfirmationService, Confirmation } from '@abp/ng.theme.shared';

//change the constructor
constructor(
  public readonly list: ListService,
  private bookService: BookService,
  private fb: FormBuilder,
  private confirmation: ConfirmationService // inject the ConfirmationService
) {}

// Add a delete method
delete(id: string) {
  this.confirmation.warn('::AreYouSureToDelete', '::AreYouSure').subscribe((status) => {
    if (status === Confirmation.Status.confirm) {
      this.bookService.deleteById(id).subscribe(() => this.list.get());
    }
  });
}
  • 我们注入了 ConfirmationService.
  • 我们注入了 ConfirmationService 到构造函数.
  • 添加了 delete 方法.

参阅确认弹层文档了解该服务的更多信息.

添加删除按钮:

打开 /src/app/book/book.component.html 修改 ngbDropdownMenu 添加删除按钮:

<div ngbDropdownMenu>
  <!-- add the Delete button -->
    <button ngbDropdownItem (click)="delete(row.id)">
        {%{{{ '::Delete' | abpLocalization }}}%}
    </button>
</div>

最终操作下拉框UI看起来如下:

点击 delete 动作调用 delete 方法,然后无法显示一个确认弹层如下图所示.

{{end}}

查看本教程的下一章.

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